L 2 Motivation, Demotivation: A Case of a Pakistani University


  • Dr. Kamran Ali Associate Professor, Department of English, Hamdard University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Hafiz Imran Nawaz Lecturer, Department of English, Hamdard University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Farzana Sohail Assistant Professor, Department of English, Govt. College for women, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan




Demotivation, L2 Motivation, Learning Attitude


Motivation is thought to be one of the elements in learning anything. Zoltán Dörnyei has carried out remarkable work on the role of motivation in second language learning. The paper aims at investigating the correlation among various motivating and other factors researched by Zoltán Dörnyei in Pakistani context. It also examines correlation between total motivation and demotivation assuming that there must be a causal effect. The paper adapts Zoltán Dörnyei’s questionnaire and surveys. Two seventy three learners of English Language from different disciplines of a university participated in the study. Three variables have been added pertaining to demotivation which include DMG, DMR, and DMW. The findings show correlations among various motivational factors but no correlation has been found between total demotivation and motivation which means they probably don’t impact each other. But it is suggested to carry out longitudinal studies in this regard to obtain better results. The study paves ways for the future research in the area of L2 motivation and its relation to demotivation. It also informs teachers that certain motivational factors may augment each other. Therefore, material and pedagogies that may trigger such factors can be incorporated in their teaching practice.





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How to Cite

Ali, K., Nawaz, H. I., & Sohail, F. (2023). L 2 Motivation, Demotivation: A Case of a Pakistani University. Journal of Development and Social Sciences, 4(2), 405–414. https://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2023(4-II)36