Development and Validation of Shah & Qureshi Father’s Involvement Inventory (S&QFII)

Authors

  • Muhammad Saifullah Qureshi PhD Clinical Psychology Scholar, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Dr. Asghar Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ibrarullah Qureshi Advocate High Court, Visiting Faculty Member, Department of Law, University of Swabi, KP, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2022(3-III)26

Keywords:

Adolescents, Aggression, Coping Skills, Father Involvement, Father’s Absence, Fatherhood, Mental Health, Paternal Deprivation

Abstract

This research is aimed to develop a valid and reliable father’s involvement inventory. The sample (N=100) consisted of participants living in Buner district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Pakistan. In phase-I of scale development, 70 items were generated through focus group discussion and in-depth interviews of adolescents. After professional analysis for their face validity, comprehension and understanding by participants, 49 items were finalized for the main study. Phase-II of the study was carried out on the sample (N=490) of undergraduate students from educational institutions in District Buner KPK Pakistan. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure of sampling adequacy being .77, above the recommended value of .60 (Kaiser, 1974), and Bartlett’s test of sphericity ((χ2 = 12221.9, p < .001) was also significant indicating appropriate values to carry out subsequent factor analysis. After analysis the items reduced to 40 and 10 sub domains were identified. The newly established scale was validated with aggression and coping skills as research indicates father’s involvement has negative correlation with adolescent’s aggression and has positive correlation with adolescent’s coping skills. Therefore, a negative association between newly developed S&Q FI Inventory and adolescent’s aggression level is indicative of its discriminate validity. Whereas S&Q FI Inventory has positive correlation with adolescent’s coping skills suggesting its convergent validation. This scale helps in measuring father’s involvement in adolescents and helps the researchers and mental health professionals for the advancement of research work and making strategies for issue due to father’s noninvolvement in Pakistan.

 

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Published

30-09-2022

Details

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How to Cite

Saifullah Qureshi, M., Ali Shah, A., & Ibrarullah Qureshi, M. (2022). Development and Validation of Shah & Qureshi Father’s Involvement Inventory (S&QFII). Journal of Development and Social Sciences, 3(3), 258–269. https://doi.org/10.47205/jdss.2022(3-III)26